by Gil Hoffman:
Pearl River Valley Railroad was incorporated in Mississippi on May 22,
1917, for the purpose of constructing a railroad from Nicholson, Pearl
River County, to Columbia, Marion County, about 60 miles.
January 29, 1918, the company purchased from Crosby and Rowlands a line of
railroad from Nicholson to Emery, 10 miles. Of this line, four miles were
built by Crosby and Rowlands and six miles purchased. The purchased
segment included 2.5 miles of the abandoned Cybur, Gulf & Northwestern
Railroad. The purchase from Crosby and Rowlands also included 13 miles of
right-of-way north of Emery. The line from Emery to Delton, five miles,
was built by the Crosby & Rowlands Construction Company, under
contract, and completed about April 1918. From Delton to a point near
Anderson was also built by the C. & R. Construction Company. The
distance from Nicholson to the northern terminus near Anderson was 17.335
authorized capital stock was $1,000,000 of which the entire amount was
issued in 1918 to Crosby and Rowlands in payment for the railroad and
February 1921, the railroad had reached Easley, 25.62 miles north of
Nicholson. Between MP 13 and 17 the main line had been relocated to secure
easier grades and less curves than the original line. This new line
displaced 2.62 miles of the original line which was abandoned about June
1921. On the old segment there had been a logging camp, abandoned by the
time of the relocation.
the summer of 1926 the northern terminus was at Crosby, 25 miles from
Nicholson. On August 14, 1926, the I. C. C. authorized the Pearl River
Valley Railroad to operate under trackage rights over a line owned by the
Goodyear Yellow Pine Company from Crosby, in a northerly direction, to
Rowlands, Mississippi, 9.64 miles. Rowlands, established by the lumber
company at that time, was a logging camp with a population of about 500.
logging camp at Rowlands replaced one at Anderson which also had a
population of about 500. In late 1926, with the camp at Rowlands in
operation, the spur from Anderson Junction to Anderson, about 0.44 miles,
operations around Rowlands were completed and the camp at Rowlands
abandoned about June 1, 1931. Afterwards the line from Crosby to Rowlands
was torn up. Trackage rights on this segment by the P. R. V. were
terminated on March 8, 1931.
February 15, 1935, the I. C. C. authorized the P. R. V. to operate under
trackage rights over a line of railroad owned by the Goodyear Yellow Pine
Company from Goodyear Junction in a northeasterly direction to a new logging
camp, also known as Rowlands, about 22.5 miles, all in Pearl River and
Hancock counties. The new logging camp was in section 15 of township 4
south, range 17 west.
the establishment of new Camp Rowlands, the P. R. V. received permission
from the I. C. C. on June 27, 1935 to abandon that part of its line
extending from near Goodyear in a northerly direction to Etal, 20.07 miles,
all in Pearl River County. Timber in this area had been cut out in July
1931, after which the line was operated at a loss. This section of the
railroad had been built during the years 1918 through 1921. Etal was located
about 10 miles west of Poplarville.
Logging operations in the vicinity of new Camp Rowlands
ceased on March 15, 1938 and April 5, 1938 the P. R. V. applied to the I. C.
C. for permission to abandon operation of trackage rights on the line from
Goodyear Junction to Rowlands, approximately 22.5 miles. The Goodyear Yellow
Pine Company terminated its end of the trackage agreement about April 15,
1938, after which the entire line was removed. The application was granted
on May 14, 1938.
remaining segment of the Pearl River Valley Railroad from Nicholson to
Goodyear was operated to service the Crosby Forest Products and various
Crosby-owned industries in the western part of Picayune, including Arizona
Chemicals, until the line was finally abandoned about 2007. As of 2009, some
tracks remain in place but unused and overgrown.
see separate pages on Rosa Lumber Co. and Goodyear Yellow Pine Co.